Tag Archive | torture

Genocide in Bosnia and Herzegovina 1992-1995

Starting in April 1992, Serbia set out to “ethnically cleanse” Bosnian territory by systematically removing all Bosnian Muslims, known as Bosniaks. Serbia, together with ethnic Bosnian Serbs, attacked Bosniaks with former Yugoslavian military equipment and surrounded Sarajevo, the capital city. Many Bosniaks were driven into concentration camps, where women and girls were systematically gang-raped and other civilians were tortured, starved and murdered.In 1993, the United Nations (UN) Security Council declared that Sarajevo, Gorazde, Srebrenica and other  enclaves were to be safe areas, protected by a contingent of UN peacekeepers.

Three years before the 1995 Srebrenica massacre, Serbs destroyed 296 Bosniak villages and killed at least 3,166 Bosniaks around Srebrenica.  In 1993, the UN described the situation in Srebrenica as a “slow-motion process of genocide.” In July 1995, Serbs forcibly expelled 25,000 Bosniaks,brutally raped many women and girls, and systematically killed 8,000+ men and boys (DNA confirmed). Serbs committed the largest massacre in Europe since World War II in one such area.Although the Serbs’ murderous intentions were known, neither the Dutch, as a protective power, nor the UN, as the organization providing the mandate, took steps to save the local population.

General Ratko Mladic ordered his troops to rape Muslim women and girls: “Keep the good ones over there. Enjoy them.” He told the Muslim men and boys the massacre awaits them: “There will be blood up to your knees.”

“We saw two Serbian soldiers, one of whom stood guard, while the other was taken off the pants, lay on one girl. We saw that the girl lying on the ground, on some kind of mattress. The mattress was blood, even she was covered with blood. the legs had bruises. And at her feet flowed the blood.

She was in total shock. She is totally distraught. “
witness: Dutch battalion medic

“You are now under the protection of the United Nations, I will never leave you. “

 

..”On Wednesday, about ten o’clock in the morning I saw a horrific scene. The woman was holding in her arms a child who had no more than six months. Hungry child is crying, a mother told him: “Ali, do not cry!” When one Chetnik heard how the child is called, the child slipped from her arms and slaughtered him with a knife. He just said, is no longer hungry and will not cry..”

 

Bosnian Genocide (1992), Srebrenica massacre of 8,000 men and boys, 30,000 women and children ethnically cleansed, many women brutally raped....

Bosnian Genocide (1995), Srebrenica massacre of 8,000 men and boys, 30,000 women and children ethnically cleansed, many women brutally raped….

 

In 1994, NATO initiated air strikes against Bosnian Serbs to stop the attacks. In December 1995, U.S.-led negotiations in Dayton, Ohio (The Dayton Peace Accords) ended the conflict in Bosnia, and a force was created to maintain the ceasefire. Since the end of the conflict, the International Criminal Tribunal for Yugoslavia (ICTY) at The Hague has charged more than 160 persons. Convictions have included Serb, Croat and Bosniaks, though Serbians and Bosnian Serbs have faced the majority of charges. In 2001, former-President Miloševic was captured, but he died in his cell in 2006. Radovan Karadžic, the supreme commander of the Bosnian Serb armed forces, was captured in 2008, and is being tried in The Hague on genocide charges. Ratko Mladic, chief of staff of the Bosnian Serb Army, was captured in May 2011 and is charged with 11 counts, including genocide and crimes against humanity.

The International Criminal Tribunal at the Hague proved — at least five times — that the Bosnian war was NOT a ‘civil war’ but an international armed conflict involving Serbia, Bosnia, Croatia, and NATO.

Bosnian Genocide was the brutal Serbian campaign of ethnic cleansing — in which 1 million Bosniaks were displaced from their ancestral land, and 65,000 to 75,000 innocent Bosniak civilians and defenders killed (people had to defend themselves, so you can call them soldiers, but they are still innocent victims killed by those who sought racial purity in the name of “Greater Serbia”) during the 1992-95 international conflict that took place on a territory of Bosnia-Herzegovina.  The Bosnian Genocide was characterized by the policy of systematic rapes of Bosniak women and girls, horrific and prolonged siege and shelling of Bosniak cities, starvation and terrorization of Bosniak population in the besieged enclaves and targeted destruction of Bosniak culture and history.

It is clear who the perpetrators and who the victims were. To put things into perspective: During the war, not even one Serb city was under the siege by Bosniak forces; in fact, majority of Serb civilian casualties were killed by the Serbian army commanded by Gen. Ratko Mladic in the process of sniping and shelling multi-ethnic Bosnian cities like Sarajevo and Tuzla. Serb people and Serb culture were not deliberately targeted for ethnic cleansing, rape, siege, shelling, and destruction in Bosnia; it was the Serb project of “Greater Serbia”, modeled on a Nazi policy of ethnic purification, that inflicted tremendous suffering on the Bosniak people between 1992 and 1995.

Presently, there are four legal judgements in which genocide was proven to have happened in Bosnia, other than Srebrenica.

The four international judgments acknowleding that genocide, indeed did take place in Bosnia, other than Srebrenica, include: Prosecutor v Nikola Jorgic (Doboj region), Prosecutor v Novislav Djajic [Dzajic] (Foča region), Prosecutor v Djuradj Kuslic [Kusljic] (Kotor Varos) and Prosecutor v Maksim Sokolovic (Kalesija, Zvornik region). All three cases were tried in Germany — at the request of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) — to ease caseload of the ongoing trials at the Hague.

 

IN ADDITION, the United States court determined that Radovan Karadzic is liable for acts of genocide, rape and torture.

Currently, former Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and General Ratko Mladic are on trial for the 1992-95 Bosnian Genocide. They are charged with genocide in the following Bosnian districts: Bratunac, Foča, Ključ, Kotor Varoš, Prijedor, Sanski Most, Vlasenica, Zvornik and Srebrenica.

PHOTO CAPTION: The entrance to the Manjaca concentration camp reads in cyrillic letters “CONCENTRATION CAMP – PROHIBITED ENTRY.” Thousands of civilians, mostly Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims) were tortured in Serb-run camps like this one. Prior to announced visit of the international media in August of 1992, Serb guards relocated hundreds of emaciated and badly beaten prisoners to other locations. Photo courtesy: The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).

 

Over six-hundred coffins lie displayed at the Potocari memorial cemetery near Srebrenica, some 160 kilometers east of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sunday, July 10, 2011.

PHOTO: The 1995 Srebrenica genocide resulted in a mass scale ethnic cleansing and forcible deportations of 25,000-30,000 people, as well as summary executions of at least 8372 men, boys, and elderly.

http://bosniangenocide.wordpress.com/about/

http://bosniangenocide.wordpress.com/2012/07/02/photos-of-srebrenica-from-mass-murder-to-genocide-1992-1995/